Plate 4: C. defixum
Fig. 4: Crinum defixum Ker-Gawler. This plant was
originally identified as C. asiaticum by Linnaeus in his 1753
Species plantarum, but Ker-Gawler recognized the
Radix toxicara Rumph since it was cited erroneously in Linnaeus'
second edition of Species plantarum II as a C. asiaticum
variant. He then rather subtly renamed the original Linnaean specimen
C. defixum without giving credit to Linnaeus. The C. defixum
is native to the east coast of India, and was correctly identified by William
Roxburgh as Linnaeus' original type form.