Plate 4: C. defixum

Figure 4 Fig. 4: Crinum defixum Ker-Gawler. This plant was originally identified as C. asiaticum by Linnaeus in his 1753 Species plantarum, but Ker-Gawler recognized the Radix toxicara Rumph since it was cited erroneously in Linnaeus' second edition of Species plantarum II as a C. asiaticum variant. He then rather subtly renamed the original Linnaean specimen C. defixum without giving credit to Linnaeus. The C. defixum is native to the east coast of India, and was correctly identified by William Roxburgh as Linnaeus' original type form.